Effective Communication - Mobile
Learn More about Paraphrasing
How to paraphrase?
In the previous page, you learned that paraphrasing is using your own
words to express someone else's message or ideas. That means, you are rewording and rephrasing whatever information you obtained especially from a manuscript. But how do you paraphrase information you get from another source or author without stealing his ideas.
Read the steps below and find out the procedure in paraphrasing:
1. Here's a paragraph about oranges taken from the Reader's Digest.
The orange is a great year-round fruit providing an excellent source of vitamin C. It is also a good source of vitamin A, calcium and potassium. To get the most of the orange's nutrients, plus the benefits of its fiber, eat the whole fruit. Whole oranges are not as sweet as the processed orange juice, which often contains added sugar. So, the orange fruit is beneficial for those with blood-sugar concerns.
(You may read the paragraph two to three times or until you fully understand its message)
2. After you read the paragraph:
First, "What is this paragraph about?"
This paragraph is about ______. (If you answered "oranges," Then you are right.)
And, "What does it tell me about oranges?"
It tells me _________. (The paragraph tells you that "oranges are a great source of vitamins and other nutrients." But how will you know that this is the main idea of the paragraph)
When you look for the main idea, there are usually two places where you can find it:
a. Give emphasis to the first sentence of the paragraph.
"The orange is a great year-round fruit providing an excellent source of vitamin C."
This may be well-supported by the statement below.
b. Look for repetitions of the same word or words in the whole paragraph.
The phrase "...source of vitamins..." was mentioned twice in the entire paragraph.
This now gives you an idea that will support what the paragraph is all about and that is, "Oranges are a great source of vitamins and other nutrients."
3. Put the main idea and details in your own words.
Before you put your ideas in your own words, you must remember the checklist below. Your paraphrase must:
a. contain a complete thought (has a subject and a predicate);
b. be totally accurate;
c. make sense;
d. be in your words; and
e. may contain new information closely related to the topic (which shows your understanding).
Now, look at this paraphrased sample of the given paragraph above:
a. Does the paraphrase contain a complete thought?
b. Is it totally accurate?
c. Does it make sense?
d. Is it in your own words?
e. Does it have new information that shows our understanding of the topic?
If you have answered yes to all these questions, then our paraphrase is a good one.
Can you tell what new information was provided in the paraphrase? Let me point it out.
"Many nutrients are lost during food preparation."
This sentence expands the idea to get most of the orange's nutrients and explains why it is suggested we eat it whole.
Last modified: Tuesday, 14 June 2016, 7:05 AM